Great Sultan Great Sultan Great Sultan Great Sultan Great Sultan Great Sultan
Biography Biography
Tipu Sultan
Steps towards Political development
By Prof. Sheik Ali
(Former Vice Chancellor of Goa & Mangalore Universities)

International Relations

External Policy
External Relations
Commercial Relations

Relations with Turkey
Relations with France

Relations with Turkey

Turkey in the 18th Century was still a force to reckon with. She had resisted Russian expansion and held vast territories in Eastern Europe. Tipu viewed the expansion of the British as a threat to the entire Islamic world and called the English "the enemies of the faith". He desired the Turkish Sultan to lead a crusade against the Europeans. For this purpose Tipu sent an Embassy to Constantinople in 1784 under Usman Khan. The response of this machine being favorable, he sent an enlarged embassy of 4 persons in 1785. The purpose was to conclude a political & military treaty against the English. In his letter to Sultan Abdul Hameed, Tipu wrote about the excesses the British had committed in India and sought military support. The fourth article of the proposed treaty spoke of military co-operation between Mysore and Turkey. This Treaty had five clauses, one of which referred to trade facilities in Basra in exchange for similar facilities in Mysore. Yet another clause stipulated that Turkey was to spare as many technicians as possible to assist Tipu in gun and cannon-making. Tipu said that the neglect of commerce and industry was the main cause of the decline in the East.

The envoys were treated with great courtesy in Constantinople, but the main issue of the treaty was evaded. Sultan Abdul Hameed said that the Russians had set their eyes on the Ottoman Empire, and he was engaged in resisting their menace. The British had shrewdly exploited this weakness of Turkey to keep it on their side, and the Turks would not alienate the English at a time when Russia was at their door. The ambassadors returned to India empty-handed.


[ Table of Contents ]   [ Go Top]