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Biography Biography

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Tipu Sultan
Secular ruler beyond doubt 
By Prof. Sheik Ali
(Former Vice Chancellor of Goa & Mangalore Universities)

Secular Policy

Secular Policy
Restoration of Sringeri Mutt
Other temples patronised by Tipu
Hindus in important civil posts
Hindus in important army posts



Fair policies
The French alliance
Policy towards prisoners of war
Some more on his impartiality..


Some more on his impartiality...

Gandhiji wrote, in Young India that Tipu was an embodiment of Hindu-Muslim Unity. No Indian friends who did not enjoy the confidence of his own people could have fought three desperate wars with an European Power. He was popular with his army & his people. He was greatly interested in Sufism, the liberal trend in Islam, which just believed only in the unity of God & the unity of Man. He held the Hindu saint, Sadhus and Gods in high esteem. He consulted Hindu astrologers. He fed the Brahmins and bore the expenses of the Hindu ceremonies.

If he crushed the Hindus of Coorg, the Christians of Mangalore and the Nayars of Malabar, who were all hands in gloves with the English to Subvert his power, he did not spare the Muslim Mopillas and Mahadevi's in the interest of Law & Order, and to improve the conditions of his state. He attacked the Nawab of Savanur, threatened the Muslim ruler of Kurnool and was more hostile towards the Nizam and the Nawab of Carnatic then towards the Marathas. His harshness at times was politically motivated and was not at all based on religious factors. Tipu's sense of respect for Hindus could be guesssed by the fact that he would not attack the Dindigal fort from the rear, as a temple was there. When it was suggested to him that Purnaiya's loyality was suspect, & that the Brahmin community was undependable, he quoted a quranic verse which forbade the blaming of the whole community for the fault of one. When a officer reported to him that a Hindu had married a Muslim girl, he reprimanded the officer and warned him not to raise such personal issues.

He never allowed any sectarian element to enter into his administration, for he was well aware that in a state of overwhelming majority of Hindus, any intolerant policy would lead to disastrous consequences. During the several wars he fought, no person of Character, rank of influence ever deserted his cause or went over to the other side. His religious policy could be summed up by his own code of law wherein he declared, ".... to quarrel with our subject is to war with ourselves. They are our Shields and our buckles, and it is they who furnish us with all things. Reserve the hostile strength for our enemies."                                 

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